Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of more than 200 related viruses. More than 40 HPV types can be easily spread through direct sexual contact, from the skin and mucous membranes of infected people to the skin and mucous membranes of their partners. They can be spread by vaginal, anal, and oral sex (1). Other HPV types are responsible for non-genital warts, which are not sexually transmitted.
Sexually transmitted HPV types fall into two categories:
Low-risk HPVs, which do not cause cancer but can cause skin warts (technically known as condylomata acuminata) on or around the genitals, anus, mouth, or throat. For example, HPV types 6 and 11 cause 90 percent of all genital warts. HPV types 6 and 11 also cause recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, a disease in whichbenign tumors grow in the air passages leading from the nose and mouth into the lungs.
High-risk HPVs, which can cause cancer. About a dozen high-risk HPV types have been identified. Two of these, HPV types 16 and 18, are responsible for most HPV-caused cancers (2, 3).
HPV infections are the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States. About 14 million new genital HPV infections occur each year (4). In fact, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that more than 90 percent and 80 percent, respectively, of sexually active men and women will be infected with at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives (5). Around one-half of these infections are with a high-risk HPV type (6).
Most high-risk HPV infections occur without any symptoms, go away within 1 to 2 years, and do not cause cancer. Some HPV infections, however, can persist for many years. Persistent infections with high-risk HPV types can lead to cell changes that, if untreated, may progress to cancer.
We offer the vaccine to males and females. Women ages 9 – 45 years and men aged 9 – 26 years can receive the vaccine. Contact us today to make your appointment for the vaccine.
GARDASIL is a vaccine indicated in girls and women 9 through 45 years of age for the prevention of the following diseases caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types included in the vaccine:
Cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18 (1.1)
Genital warts (condyloma acuminata) caused by HPV types 6 and 11 (1.1) And the following precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18:
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3 and Cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) (1.1)